German state raids neo-Nazi homes, clubhouses in crackdown on far-right
More than 900 police officers raided homes and clubhouses of suspected neo-Nazis in a crackdown in a western German state on Thursday, seizing far-right propaganda material, computer hard drives and a wide variety of weapons, the region’s top security official said.
The raids to collect evidence came after North Rhine-Westphalia state interior minister Ralf Jaeger banned three local neo-Nazi groups.
“These groups are anti-foreigner, they are racist and they are anti-Semitic,” Jaeger said at a news conference.
The crackdown in North Rhine-Westphalia comes amid a greater focus nationally on the far right in Germany. That was sparked by the revelation last year that a small group of neo-Nazis apparently managed to kill nine minorities and a police officer over a seven-year period while remaining off the radar of the country’s intelligence services.
The existence of the National Socialist Underground group only came to light in November, when two of its three core members were found dead in an apparent murder-suicide after a failed bank robbery. The third alleged core member, Beate Zschaepe, is in custody pending trial.
In a report released last month by Germany’s domestic intelligence agency, officials estimated that the wider membership of neo-Nazi groups in Germany fell to 22,400 last year from 25,000 in 2010, but the number of far-right extremists prepared to use violence grew to 9,800 from 9,500.
While a lot of the attention has been focused on states in former East Germany, where the far-right National Democratic Party holds seats in two parliaments, the raids on Thursday focused on the western cities of Dortmund, Aachen and Hamm.
Authorities raided a total of 146 buildings in 32 North Rhine-Westphalia cities and towns, Jaeger said.
At the headquarters of one of the groups in Dortmund, officials found 1,000 election posters for the National Democratic Party, which federal officials are currently trying to decide whether to ban, Jaeger said.
“This shows the close interlacing between this right-extremist party and the neo-Nazi scene in North Rhine-Westphalia,” he said.
The raids also netted a variety of weapons, including firearms — though it is still being determined whether they were functional — switchblade knives, baseball bats and brass knuckles.
The interior ministry said there had been no arrests, though criminal prosecutions of some of the members of the neo-Nazi groups had helped form the basis for the ban, and some were already in prison.
The state has seen a rise in far-right crimes this year, and had already conducted widespread raids in April and May.
“We have dealt the neo-Nazi scene in North Rhine-Westphalia a hard blow,” Jaeger said of Thursday’s raids. “We have ripped a big hole in the neo-Nazi network.”